It might be challenging to keep your dog’s teeth clean, and thus, oral health issues are common. According to research, 80 percent of dogs develop indicators of dental disease by the age of two. Typically, problems begin with the accumulation of tartar-forming plaque. Gingivitis is a painful condition characterized by inflamed gums, and eventually, periodontal disease may result. Dogs are prone to tooth loss and infections that can spread to other organs.
Infection of dental tissue by bacteria causes inflammation of the gums, ligaments, and bone. By eroding supporting tissues, untreated gum disease can cause tooth loss. This causes tooth loss in dogs.
Poor dental hygiene and bacteria (plaque) at the gum line cause gum disease. Additionally, breed, genetics, age, and diet are considerations. Below the gumline, bacterial waste products such as hydrogen sulfide, acids, ammonia, and other chemicals accumulate, causing tissue damage. The infected dog’s inflammatory response causes tissue disintegration and tooth loss. Gingivitis and periodontitis are both classes of gum disease but can be prevented if you take your pet to places like All Animal Clinic on a regular basis for screenings.
In gingivitis, bacterial plaque inflames the gums but not the bone or ligaments. The gums change color from coral pink to crimson or violet and expand. Gums are prone to bleed easily. Typical foul breath Gingivitis can be cured with proper dental cleaning, but it can progress to periodontitis if left untreated.
Commonly, gingivitis is treated by having the dog’s teeth properly cleaned under anesthesia. Cleaning behind the gum line is recommended. If gingivitis does not improve, further cleaning may be required. Following dental cleanings together with puppy shots, your veterinarian may seal the teeth to prevent bacterial accumulation and promote healing. Unresponsive dogs should be evaluated for immune system problems and diabetes. If the teeth are not kept clean and free of plaque, gingivitis will return. Consequently, brushing and routine veterinary cleanings are required.
Periodontitis destroys the gums, bones, and ligaments. Over the years, plaque, tartar, and gingivitis have increased. It results in irreversible tooth loss. More small-breed dogs than large-breed dogs have periodontitis. The mechanical cleansing effect of hard kibble on the teeth aids dogs with dental issues. Typically, back teeth are affected. The upper teeth are more damaged than the lower teeth, and the cheeks are more damaged than the tongue. Gingivitis typically manifests at age two and responds favorably to treatment. Untreated periodontitis in dogs aged 4 to 6 results in tooth loss.
Periodontitis is treated by cleaning above and below the gum line. In certain instances, root surface cleaning requires surgery. Jaw X-rays can detect bone loss. These are frequently recommended for the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. Dogs with periodontitis require extractions. Dogs that have had their teeth extracted do well without them. Lastly, veterinarians treat tooth crowding and underlying diseases that contribute to periodontitis.
If your dog has periodontitis, continue at-home oral hygiene. Follow your veterinarian’s instructions regarding brushing, dietary changes, plaque prevention gel, and oral rinses. Here’s a good example of a competent vet that can help you with these issues, visit them here to learn more.
Prevention Is Crucial
Remember that gum disease cannot develop on teeth clear of plaque. The most effective methods for preventing gum disease in pets are brushing, a good diet, and regular dental examinations. If daily brushing is not possible, plaque can be removed from a dog’s teeth by cleaning them with gauze every 2–3 days. Only the teeth’s exterior surface requires cleaning or wiping. Individual toothpaste should not be utilized. Your veterinarian may recommend diets, toys, and snacks that aid in plaque removal.